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“the implementation of a new or significantly improved product (good or service), or process, a new marketing method, or a new organisational method in business practices, workplace organisation or external relations” (OECD/Eurostat 2005:46)

“new creation[s] of economic and societal significance, primarily carried out by firms (but not in isolation). They include product innovations as well as process innovations” (BORRAS/EDQUIST 2013:5)

“Innovation is the multi-stage process whereby organizations transform ideas into new/improved products, services or processes, in order to advance, compete and differentiate themselves successfully in their marketplace” (Baregheh et al. 2009, p.1334)

innovation.1451991532.txt.gz · Last modified: 2016/01/05 10:58 by marting