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regional_identity [2015/12/16 21:33]
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regional_identity [2015/12/16 21:48]
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-Paasi (2013) denotes regional identity as social construct, which is subject to competing discourses embedded in power relations. According to this constructivist approach, it is defined as not being fixed, but rather temporal and therefore alterable. Reproduced through hegemonic discourses, regional identity is at the same time representative of and constitutive for socio-spatial orders, by for example influencing our mental maps and collective action. Consequently,​ it plays a pivotal role for the construction and institutionalization of regions (Zimmerbauer & Paasi 2013)+**Regional Identity**
  
-In order to deconstruct how regional identity is made, by whom and with what consequences, ​Paasi (2003differentiates between the identity of a region and regional identity. The former resembles the image of a region. Like other forms of collective identitythe identity of a region heavily relies on anticipated similarity ​which is (re-)produced through boundary-drawing and othering processes (cf. Barth 1969, Jenkins 1996). In order to distinguish one region from another, ​discourses in sciencespoliticscultural activism, regional ​marketing, and governance draw on a range of identity ​sources as features ​of nature, culture ​and people. Jasso (2005), Messely (2014), Raagmaa (2002) and Paasi (2013) have for example identified the following: (1) nature, landscape and built environment,​ (2) culture and folklore, (3) significant objects and symbols, (4) community and ownership of place, (5) socio-economic situation(6) language ​and dialect a well as (7) history and memoryIn contrarythe latter refers to sense of belonging, a regional consciousness and identification of people with the institutional practices, discourses ​and symbols that are expressive ​of ‘their’ region. Image of and identification with the region can but most not coincide+Paasi (2013denotes ​regional identity ​as social construct, which is subject ​to competing ​discourses ​embedded ​in power relations. According to this constructivist approachit is defined as not being fixedbut rather temporal and therefore alterable. Reproduced through hegemonic discourses, regional identity ​is at the same time representative ​of and constitutive ​for socio-spatial ordersby for example influencing our mental maps and collective actionConsequentlyit plays pivotal role for the construction ​and institutionalization ​of regions.
  
-As other collective identities, ​regional identity ​does not only have to be claimedbut also recognized ​by others in order to be successfully performed ​(Jenkins 1996). This means that also internal identification ​and external categorization do not necessarily have to overlap ​(Brubaker & Cooper 2000), which leads to the question how regional identities are manifested. This is what Paasi (1986calls institutionalization of or socialization into regional ​identity. Corner stones ​of this naturalization process are symbols ​and communication by which regional identity ​becomes temporarily fixed as self-evident subject (Jenkins 1996Raagmaa 2002).+In order to deconstruct how regional identity ​is made, by whom and with what consequences,​ Paasi (2003differentiates between the identity of a region ​and regional identity. The former resembles the image of a region. Like other forms of collective identity ​(Barth 1969, Jenkins 1996), the identity of a region heavily relies on anticipated similarity, which is (re-)produced by boundary-drawing and othering processes. In order to distinguish one region from another, discourses in sciences, politics, cultural activism ​or regional ​marketing draw on a range of identity sources referring to the nature, culture, history ​and life of local people. In contrast, ​regional identity ​resembles ​sense of belonginga regional consciousness and identification of people with the institutional practices, discourses and symbols that are expressive of ‘their’ region. Image of and identification with the region can but most not coincide
  
-For more informationsee: +As other collective identitiesregional identity does not only have to be claimedbut also recognized by others in order to be successfully performed ​(Jenkins 1996). ​This means that also internal identification ​and external categorization do not necessarily have to overlapwhich leads to the question how regional ​identities are manifestedThis is what Paasi (1986) ​calls institutionalization of or socialization into regional identityCorner stones ​of this naturalization process are symbols ​and communication by which regional identity ​becomes temporarily fixed as a self-evident entity ​(Jenkins 1996).
-BarthF. (1969): Ethnic Groups and Boundaries. The Social Organization of Culture Difference. Oslo:  +
-Universitetsforlaget. +
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-Brubaker, R.; Cooper, F. (2000): Beyond Identity. In: Theory and Society, 29 (1), pp. 1-47. +
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-Jasso, M. (2005): Regional Identity. Its Background and Management. In: Roch, I.; Petrikova, D. (Ed.): Border-Free River Basins. Mitteleuropäische Ansätze zu Entwicklung und Förderung landschaftsbezogener Identität, pp.171-180.  +
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-Jenkins, R. (1996): Social identityKey Ideas. London: Routledge.  +
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-Messely, L. (2014): On regions ​and their actors. An analysis of the role of actors and policy in region-  +
-specific rural development processes in Flanders. Ghent University: GhentBelgium. +
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-Paasi, A. (2013). Regional planning and the mobilization of ‘regional ​identity’:​ from bounded spaces to relational complexityRegional Studies, 47 (8), pp. 1206-1219 +
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-Paasi, A. (2003): Region and Place. Regional Identity in Question, in: Progress in Human Geography, 27 (4), pp. 475-485. +
-Paasi, A. (1986). The institutionalization of regionsA theoretical framework for understanding the emergence ​of regions ​and the constitution of regional identity. Fennia 164(1), pp. 105-146. +
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-Raagmaa, G. (2002Regional Identity in Regional Development and Planning. In: European Planning  +
-Studies, 10 (1), pp- 55-76. +
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-Zimmerbauer,​ K.; Paasi, A. (2013): When old and new regionalism collide: Deinstitutionalization of  +
-regions and resistance identity in municipality amalgamations. In: Rural Studies 30, pp. 31-40.+
  
  
regional_identity.txt · Last modified: 2016/01/26 10:42 by p236974