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-Paasi (2013) denotes regional identity as social construct, which is subject to competing discourses embedded in power relations. According to this constructivist approach, it is defined as not being fixed, but rather temporal and therefore alterable. Reproduced through hegemonic discourses, regional identity is at the same time representative of and constitutive for socio-spatial orders, by for example influencing our mental maps and collective action. Consequently,​ it plays a pivotal role for the construction and institutionalization of regions (Zimmerbauer & Paasi 2013)+===== Regional Identity =====
  
-In order to deconstruct how regional identity is made, by whom and with what consequences,​ Paasi (2003) differentiates between the identity of a region and regional identity. The former resembles the image of a region. Like other forms of collective identity, the identity of a region heavily relies on anticipated similarity which is (re-)produced through boundary-drawing and othering processes (cf. Barth 1969, Jenkins 1996). In order to distinguish one region from another, discourses in sciences, politics, cultural activism, regional marketing, and governance draw on a range of identity sources as features of nature, culture and people. Jasso (2005), Messely (2014), Raagmaa (2002) and Paasi (2013) have for example identified the following: (1) nature, landscape and built environment,​ (2) culture and folklore, (3) significant objects and symbols, (4) community and ownership of place, (5) socio-economic situation, (6) language and dialect a well as (7) history and memory. In contrary, the latter refers to a sense of belonging, a regional consciousness and identification of people with the institutional practices, discourses and symbols that are expressive of ‘their’ region. Image of and identification with the region can but most not coincide. ​ 
  
-As other collective identities, ​regional identity ​does not only have to be claimed, but also recognized by others ​in order to be successfully performed (Jenkins 1996)This means that also internal identification and external categorization do not necessarily have to overlap (Brubaker & Cooper 2000)which leads to the question how regional identities are manifestedThis is what Paasi (1986) calls institutionalization of or socialization into regional identity. Corner stones ​of this naturalization process are symbols ​and communication ​by which regional identity becomes temporarily fixed as self-evident subject (Jenkins 1996, Raagmaa 2002).+Paasi (2013) denotes ​regional identity ​as social construct, which is subject ​to competing discourses embedded ​in power relationsAccording ​to this constructivist approachit is defined as not being fixed, but rather temporal and therefore alterableReproduced through hegemonic discourses, ​regional identity ​is at the same time representative ​of and constitutive for socio-spatial orders, ​by for example influencing our mental maps and collective action. Consequently,​ it plays pivotal role for the construction and institutionalization of regions.
  
-For more informationsee: +In order to deconstruct how regional identity is madeby whom and with what consequencesPaasi (2003) differentiates between the identity of a region and regional identityThe former resembles the image of a region. Like other forms of collective identity ​(Barth 1969, Jenkins 1996), the identity of a region heavily relies on anticipated similarity, which is (re-)produced by boundary-drawing ​and othering processesIn order to distinguish one region from another, discourses in sciences, politics, cultural activism or regional marketing draw on a range of identity sources referring to the nature, culture, history and life of local peopleIn contrast, regional identity resembles a sense of belonging, a regional consciousness and identification of people with the institutional practices, discourses and symbols that are expressive of ‘their’ region. Image of and identification with the region can but most not coincide
-BarthF. (1969): Ethnic Groups ​and BoundariesThe Social Organization ​of Culture DifferenceOslo:  +
-Universitetsforlaget.+
  
-BrubakerR.; CooperF. (2000): Beyond Identity. In: Theory and Society, 29 (1), pp. 1-47. +As other collective identitiesregional identity does not only have to be claimedbut also recognized by others in order to be successfully performed ​(Jenkins 1996). ​This means that also internal identification ​and external categorization do not necessarily have to overlapwhich leads to the question how regional ​identities are manifestedThis is what Paasi (1986) ​calls institutionalization of or socialization into regional identityCorner stones ​of this naturalization process are symbols ​and communication by which regional identity ​becomes temporarily fixed as a self-evident entity ​(Jenkins 1996).
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-Jasso, M. (2005): Regional Identity. Its Background and Management. In: Roch, I.; Petrikova, D. (Ed.): Border-Free River Basins. Mitteleuropäische Ansätze zu Entwicklung und Förderung landschaftsbezogener Identität, pp.171-180.  +
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-Jenkins, R. (1996): Social identityKey Ideas. London: Routledge.  +
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-Messely, L. (2014): On regions ​and their actors. An analysis of the role of actors and policy in region-  +
-specific rural development processes in Flanders. Ghent University: GhentBelgium. +
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-Paasi, A. (2013). Regional planning and the mobilization of ‘regional ​identity’:​ from bounded spaces to relational complexityRegional Studies, 47 (8), pp. 1206-1219 +
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-Paasi, A. (2003): Region and Place. Regional Identity in Question, in: Progress in Human Geography, 27 (4), pp. 475-485. +
-Paasi, A. (1986). The institutionalization of regionsA theoretical framework for understanding the emergence ​of regions ​and the constitution of regional identity. Fennia 164(1), pp. 105-146. +
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-Raagmaa, G. (2002Regional Identity in Regional Development and Planning. In: European Planning  +
-Studies, 10 (1), pp- 55-76. +
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-Zimmerbauer,​ K.; Paasi, A. (2013): When old and new regionalism collide: Deinstitutionalization of  +
-regions and resistance identity in municipality amalgamations. In: Rural Studies 30, pp. 31-40.+
  
  
regional_identity.1450301617.txt.gz · Last modified: 2015/12/16 21:33 by bianka