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Social economy is often used as a synonym for the third or civil sector by EMES researchers. But whereas the “American” definition of the third sector is based upon a statistical classification of non-profit organizations, “European” scholars also include cooperatives and other “non-capitalist” economic initiatives in the third sector (Evers and Laville 2004, p. 13).

In Europe social entrepreneurship is seen as an integral part of the social economy (Defourny and Nyssens 2008, Amin et al., 2002; G. Fekete, 2004 and 2011) and social enterprise is often used as a synonym for social economy organization.

social_economy.1450458147.txt.gz · Last modified: 2015/12/18 17:02 by melinda