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The EMES research network (since 1996) is an international research network, which has its roots in Western-Europe and has developed from social economy (or third sector) research. A researcher with an EMES approach focuses on the organization (social enterprise) instead of the person (social entrepreneur).
The EMES research network has defined an ideal type of social enterprise within three dimensions (economic, social and participatory):
“Economic and entrepreneurial dimensions of social enterprise
Social dimensions of social enterprise
Participatory governance of social enterprise